6 lời khuyên vàng đến từ Harvard giúp bố mẹ dạy con nên người

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LBC – Chẳng ông bố, bà mẹ nào trên Trái đất này không mong con khôn lớn thành người, trở thành một nhân tố có ích cho xã hội cả. Thế nên, dù bận rộn cách mấy, bố mẹ hãy dành ra chút thời gian lật mở 6 lời khuyên vàng của các chuyên gia Harvard. Tin chắc chúng sẽ giúp ích cho bố mẹ trong quá trình nuôi dạy con trở thành một đứa trẻ ngoan, có trách nhiệm và đầy lòng trắc ẩn.

1. Dạy con biết điều chỉnh cảm xúc

day-con-nen-nguoi-1

Những cảm xúc tiêu cực như hờn dỗi, giận dữ, buồn chán, thất vọng… gây cản trở không nhỏ đối với việc gieo hạt giống nhân cách tốt trong mỗi đứa trẻ. Vì thế, thân làm bố mẹ, bạn cần dạy con cách kiểm soát, điều chỉnh cảm xúc tiêu cực để không lãng phí quá nhiều năng lượng vào nó. Khi đứa trẻ đã bình tĩnh, hãy bảo chúng: hít sâu bằng mũi, thở ra bằng miệng và đếm từ 1 – 5. Nào, hít vào vui vẻ, thở ra buồn chán… 🙂

2. Dạy con biết chịu trách nhiệm về những việc mình làm

day-con-nen-nguoi-2

Muốn vậy, bố mẹ phải là hai tấm gương sáng cho con cái noi theo. Bên cạnh việc làm gương, bố mẹ nên thường xuyên kể con nghe những câu chuyện đạo đức trong cuộc sống, những tấm gương có thực về tinh thần trách nhiệm, đồng thời lên ý tưởng giúp đỡ người khác, vệ sinh khu phố nơi mình ở, làm từ thiện và cùng con hiện thực hóa những ý tưởng ấy.

3. Nuôi dưỡng trong con lòng trắc ẩn và tinh thần “trượng nghĩa”

day-con-nen-nguoi-3

Điều này rất quan trọng đấy! Hãy truyền cho con lòng trắc ẩn và tinh thần bệnh vực kẻ yếu không chỉ với người mà con yêu thương mà với cả bạn bè, hàng xóm và tất thảy những người sống quanh con!

Bằng cách nào ư? Đầu tiên, bạn có thể cùng con chơi trò phân vai để đặt con vào vị trí, hoàn cảnh của người khác – chẳng hạn cho con đóng vai một học sinh mới, một người khuyết tật, một cụ già mắt kém đang muốn sang đường…, từ đó trẻ sẽ thấu hiểu được tâm tư, tình cảm của từng “vai diễn”. Tiếp đó, bạn nên trò chuyện với con về những vấn đề mang tầm vĩ mô hơn – chẳng hạn như con sẽ làm gì khi bạn cùng bàn không có đồ ăn trưa, con cảm thấy thế nào khi gặp những người vô gia cư trên đường về nhà, con có biết trên thế giới có hàng triệu trẻ em thiếu nước sạch để uống không…? Đây là cách giúp trẻ dần hình thành tinh thần trách nhiệm đối với cuộc sống này.

4. Dạy con về lòng biết ơn

day-con-nen-nguoi-4

Có thể bắt đầu bằng việc ôm cổ và cảm ơn bà về món bánh thơm ngon bà đang làm cho cả nhà, luôn nói “cảm ơn” để bày tỏ lòng biết ơn với những ai giúp đỡ mình dù là việc nhỏ hay việc lớn, tìm cách báo đáp người đã giúp đỡ mình…

5. Dạy con biết yêu thương và chia sẻ

day-con-nen-nguoi-5

Đừng bắt con phải chia sẻ thứ này, yêu thương thứ khác mà hãy giúp trẻ thấy rõ tác dụng của yêu thương, chia sẻ và tự nguyện làm điều đó.

6. Dành nhiều thời gian bên con

day-con-nen-nguoi-6

Bố mẹ lúc nào cũng bận rộn cả, bận rộn kiếm tiền, bận rộn việc nhà, bận rộn tiếp điện thoại, bận rộn đọc báo online… trong khi thời gian dành cho con luôn hãn hữu. Cứ như vậy thì bạn chẳng cách nào có thể trở thành tri kỷ của con đâu!

Ngay từ bây giờ, hãy sắp xếp thời gian để làm bạn thực sự với con nếu không muốn càng lớn, con càng xa cách bạn, nếu không muốn những câu “cửa miệng” bạn vẫn nói với con khi còn bé “Mẹ đang bận nhé! Con chơi một mình đi!“… khi lớn, con sẽ dùng để “trả lại” bạn. Bạn vẫn có thể chơi với con khi đang làm bếp cơ mà, bạn vẫn có thể đọc truyện cho con nếu bớt thời gian “nấu cháo” điện thoại hay lướt Facebook cơ mà, bạn vẫn có thể đưa con đi chơi công viên vào cuối tuần nếu gác ước mơ “ngủ nướng” lại cơ mà… Vậy thì chẳng cớ gì mà không “hết mình” với “khúc ruột tình yêu” cả, nhỉ bạn nhỉ? 🙂

Ngạn Tiếu (Theo Harvard University)

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